Research projects of the Littoral Chair
Ecosystems are changing rapidly, and Indigenous and coastal populations are particularly vulnerable to these changes. While older, persistent organic pollutants are in decline, the presence of mercury in local foods in the North remains a topic of concern. In addition, new chemicals are introduced on the market every year, and are subsequently found in the North, with unknown impacts on human health.
Climate and environmental changes have also been exerting increasing pressure on marine ecosystems and eventually on food security, which is already precarious in several Indigenous and coastal communities.
Local or traditional foods are important for health, social cohesion, cultural continuity, and food sovereignty. Foods from the sea are also exceptionally rich in nutrients such as selenoneine, a selenium compound recently identified in marine food sources in the Arctic.
Encouraging the consumption of these local foods allows us to combine different types of knowledge to prevent chronic diseases, to promote healthy pregnancies and child development, and to counteract the harmful effects of environmental contaminants on the health of people of all ages.
This project examines the levels of exposure to several environmental contaminants and different health determinants for children and young adults in four First Nations communities in Quebec.
Co-developing innovative approaches with Indigenous partners to foster Coastal Resilience, Food Security and Sustainable Marine Harvests while engaging community capacity to proactively respond to marine risks
This project aims to assess the synergistic effects of light, warming of sea water, acidification and nutrients on the accumulation of contaminants and the production of health-enhancing molecules throughout the marine food web, and how this all affects Inuit food choices and health.